Krishna Institute Of Medical Sciences Deemed University
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  Faculty of Dental Sciences >>Departments

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The department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology includes the department of Dental Anatomy and Histology. The ‘final diagnosis’ is arrived after processing and examining various pathological specimens received from the clinicians. Students are imparted with the basic skills of carving teeth using wax blocks to study the anatomy of various teeth. Tissue processor, microtome, wax bath and microscopes have been provided for this department.

Screening and examination of the patient in this department forms the basis for their subsequent treatment. It is equipped with 12 electrically operated chairs and orthopantomograph (OPG) besides routine intra-oral-peri-apical (IOPA) Machine. The department plays an important role in training and instruction of students as screening for oral diseases also involves assessment of systemic conditions.

This museum has everything that is important medico-legally. Assault weapons, firearms, poisons and mounted specimens of medico-legal importance. The museum also serves the purpose of recognizing various injuries, their modes, weapons & means used in suicide and homicide. The specimens include all types of poisons, various weapons including firearms, poisonous snakes & plants. Models of bones used for identifying sex and age are also displayed. Multiple catalogs provide all the necessary literature.

The Gums are the supporting structures of the teeth. They are also prone to a number of diseases. The students are instructed in basic methods for preventing periodontal disease and are taught the anatomy of the periodontium and treatment pattern of periodontal therapy.
The various treatment procedures carried out by this department include scaling, curettage, gingivectomy, flap surgery, opercu-lectomy, bone grafts, guided tissue regeneration, implants etc.

Numerous dental diseases are encountered during the growth and development of the child. The parents need to be educated about the importance of oral health and their approach to dental problems in children. This department is equipped with light care unit, amalgamator etc. & has a separate oral hygiene instruction room.

This department is divided into three sections of pre-clinical, clinical and laboratory. Patients are treated here for crown & bridges and provided partial and complete dentures. In the pre-clinical section the students learn about casting, trimming and poring methods besides preparation of dentures. The preclinical laboratory has modern tables with micromotors, airmotors and porcelain furnace. The laboratory is equipped with ceramic furnace, sand blasters, induction casting machine, acrylisers and dewaxing unit.

The preclinical section has phantom heads and ivory teeth which simulates the normal patient. Training on these artificial equipments is a pre-requisite before working on real patients. Pain of the Dental origin is easily the most common symptom encountered in dental practice. This subject deals with the relief of pain by treating caries and its related complications but more importantly by preserving the existing natural teeth and supporting structures and restoring proper tooth forms, functions and aesthetics.

Oral & Maxillofacial surgery assumes importance with the development of newer methods for restoration after trauma & cancer surgery. Cosmetic and orthognatic surgeries are also carried out by an expert team of oral & Maxillofacial surgeons. Students receive training in extractions, pre and post operative management and handling of emergencies.

Undergraduate student are trained to take an interdisciplinary approach and conduct investigations for evaluating risk factors in oral disease, their relation to systemic disease and the use of epidemiological methods to study out-comes of dental services. Health education and community camps for treatment of various dental diseases are carried out.